The City of Amman
Amman is the capital of the Kingdom of Jordan and the largest city of the whole country according to surface area and the number of population that exceeds four million inhabitants.
The city of Amman is in fact situated in the middle of Jordan between latitudes 31 and 35. Due to its many attractions many tourists who travel to Jordan would spend some time in the city of Amman.
Amman is situated in a location where many mountains surround it. When the city was once established, the people used to live in the wide plains around these mountains. However, with time passing by, the inhabitants of Amman started moving towards the mountains until they reached the peak of some of them.
Since it is the capital of Jordan, the city of Amman is the commercial, cultural, and administrational center of the country as it controls more than 90% of the operations of the national economy of the country. The city attracts hundreds of tourists coming from different places around the world to spend their holidays in Jordan.
The history of the city dates back to more than 7000 BC to be considered one of the most ancient cities in the whole world. The city that we see today was constructed on the ruins of an old town that was called Rabet Amoun, then Philadelphia, and then Amman that was derived from the word Amoun.
The city had a significant role to play in the commercial activities between Asia and Africa due to its significant geographical location.
The monuments of Amman include the Fortress that hosts the Byzantine Church that dates back to the 6th or the 7th centuries, the Temple of Hercules, that is among the most important archeological sites in the city today that was constructed in 2nd century AD. There is also the National Museum of Jordan that hosts a large number of displays dating to different periods of the Jordanian history.
Another remarkable monument in Amman is the Roman Theatre that was constructed in 170 BC. This huge structure, that is the finest example of the monuments of the ancient city of Philadelphia, can host up six thousand spectators. Beside the Roman theatre, there are Jordan Museum of Popular Tradition and the Jordan Folklore Museum as well.
Among the distinctive features of Amman is the Rainbow Street that is considered to be among the most ancient streets of the Jordanian capital that hosts many youngsters’ attractions and cultural activities.
Amman, with its significant location, can be the most perfect starting point for tours to the Dead Sea,Petra, Aqaba, and many other sections of the Kingdom of Jordan. Many travelers who tour Jordan begin their visits by exploring the attractions of the Jordanian capital.