Welcome to the Land of the Nile Valley; the land of the Pharaohs, intriguing legends, ancient civilizations and amazing temples, Egypt is one of the world’s greatest and most captivating countries.
Egypt enjoys a strategic location in North Africa close to the Middle East. Officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, it borders Libya in the West, Sudan to the South, and Israel and the Gaza Strip to the east via the Sinai Peninsula and a land bridge that crosses the Suez Canal. It is, however, far from landlocked. Its north cost is lapped by the Mediterranean, while its lower east coast and south Sinai lie alongside the Red Sea.
Egypt has four district areas. The Nile Delta, itself, is a stretch of land that fans out north from a point close to Cairo where the Nile splits into smaller flows of water, reaching a stretch of coastline that runs from Alexandria to Port Said. At the coast the waters of the Nile flow into the Mediterranean. Along the coastline are the towns and cities of El Alamein, farmed for its Second World War battles and museums, along with Marsa Matrouh and Sallum to the west of Alexandria, while to its east is the historic Rosetta, where the Rosetta Stone, an important artefact that was key to deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, was discovered. Further along the coast is Damietta and Port Said.
The Nile Valley stretches from the delta to Egypt’s southernmost border with Sudan, and along with the great cities is home to some of the world’s most iconic symbols of ancient civilizations. It is here visitors can see the three Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx that “guards” then, the fabulous Luxor Temple and the Karnak Temples Complex in Luxor, the Valley of the Kings and, of course, the Nile River itself. The Sahara Desert, the world’s second largest makes up much of Egypt’s distinct desert and oases areas, which are fascinating if sparsely inhabited, while the Sinai Peninsula and the Red Sea coastline and reports are the country’s top spots for family fun and water spot themed holidays.
A fabulously rich history and achievements sit comfortably with the Egypt of today. Deserts that stretch for kilometers into the distance and holiday resorts with top notch hotels offering family fun such as swimming and diving in the Red Sea contrast well with the Nile Delta and the Nile Valley that leave you breathless at their bustling cities and ancient temples. Visitors arrive in their thousands, are totally captivated and return time after time. Whether it’s a view of the sun going down behind the centuries-old pyramids, turning the sky to a magical bright orange, or seeing the mesmerizing sun-scorched Sphinx, the priceless treasures contained tantalizingly behind glass in Cairo’s Egyptian Museum or standing in awe of the fabulous temples the sights of the world’s most entrancing country stay with visitors for a lifetime.
Egypt is a religious country. Islam if the official religion and most Egyptians are Muslim, although over 12 million are Christians, the atmosphere is one of friendship. Egyptians like to work hard and live life to the full, and tend to work in the heart of the cities which have seen many changes in recent years and are now at the forefront of world politics. Egypt also has one of the highest populations of all the countries in this part of the world with around 90 million people.
Egypt is a warm country for most of the year. Some days in summer the temperatures can reach 25-35C (95F) in Cairo, and so the way Egyptians live tends to reflect this as it has done for centuries.
Egyptian society is geared very much around the family, and it is not uncommon to see all generations dining together or on an outing. Religion is important, with Muslims and Christians living and working together in harmony. As a visitor, you will always be made to feel welcome and protected.
After giving you a brief idea about the Geography, Environment, History of Egypt, we are going to talk about the main Travel Tips in Egypt that may be useful for the first time visitors to Egypt.